Mots-clés: Autorschaft · Auslandsberichterstattung · Ethnographie · Journalismus · Massenmedien · Repräsentation
Close up – Collaboration and Hidden Authorship in Foreign News Reporting
This article examines journalistic practice in foreign news reporting. Although its journalistic practice may raise a variety of questions similar to those brought up by ethnographic fieldwork, the author demonstrates how journalism is bound to an event-focused timeframe as well as to specific socio-political conditions. From this perspective, the article discusses the obligations news reporting has to the nation-state as well as the much-neglected collaboration of correspondents within local networks.
Mots-clés: Sociologie des organisations · Accès au terrain · Haut-risque · Méthodes d’enquête
For an «embedded» sociology of high-risk organizations
Gaining access to high-risk organizations remains difficult but once achieved working in such an environment does not necessarily compel the researcher to create specific tools and techniques. More thought than is normal for the sociological method per se should, therefore, go into the conditions under which access is negotiated. In this article, we posit that a strategy similar to that adopted in developments in reporting, for this case dubbed «embedded journalism», is taking shape in sociology. Of course, an «embedded sociology» does not yet formally exist. Yet, the way in which sociologists have to approach high-risk environments leads us to apply the metaphor of «embeddedness» and to see the extent to which a comparison might be fruitful. On the one hand, the strategy of embeddedness offers avenues for access to the private core of places, rarely the subject of sociological research. On the other, it compels us to question anew the implications of how such access practices affect sociological production.
Mots-clés: Insularité · Médiatisation · Participation observante · Réflexivité · Institutions
«Ethnologist-journalist»: issues at stake and the interplay of a dual position
The goal of this article is to bring to light the political, epistemological and ethical issues at stake in a journalistic environment as well as to show the interplay of these issues implied by a research-action in this setting. Working as both a journalist and an ethnologist at a French-speaking newspaper on the French side of Saint-Martin Island (West Indies), the researcher observed the dynamics of these two professional environments as combined in a specific context. Based on the analysis of the effects of this «observing participation» within a media institution on the ethnographic investigation, this article will look at the complex relationship existing between journalism and anthropology. We will examine these two professions in terms of their way of building and interpreting the «field» – their common workplace – in order to show what is at stake in these different approaches and to think about the possibilities and limitations of this relationship.
Mots clés: Media anthropology · Applied anthropology · Professional socialization · Public anthropology · Critical pedagogy
Both professional anthropology and professional journalism are in free fall. «End» is a keyword in both realms with the relentless corporate assault on investigative journalism and the deep concern for anthropology’s relevance in a privatized neoliberal world. Academic anthropology continues to worry about its future while imploring its members to get more urgently involved in public life and yet professional socialization in academic anthropology dramatically inhibits public journalistic action. The article posits that anthropologists must, in spite of this, become media makers and journalists themselves. This call is situated within four overarching movements which theorize important issues surrounding this border crossing praxis: the veteran field of applied anthropology, the sub-discipline of media anthropology, the emerging initiative of public (or engaged) anthropology, and the burgeoning field of public pedagogy. All explore, to different degrees, various problems and possibilities for doing journalism while offering important resources for critical practice.
Schlagwörter: Fernsehjournalismus · Medien und Migration · Auslandsberichterstattung · Ethnologie
Anthropology and Journalism: moral compromise or useful synergy
The article examines the insufficient presence of German ethnologists in the media. The author describes her own work experience as a TV-journalist focusing on reports about emigrants and foreign cultures – within Germany and abroad. The systematization of her practical experience allows the author to demonstrate where a need for an ethnological point of view exists in journalism and how ethnologists could maintain a continuous and meaningful presence in the media.